August 1, 2010
In 1861, dressmaker Marry Harris, whose family had fled Ireland’s potato blight, met foundry worker George Jones in Memphis. The Civil War was bad; the ’66 race riots were bad; and the year after that, yellow fever came. The Jones’ four young children died first, then George. The Iron Molder’s Union buried him and Mary left for Chicago, alone, to again make dresses. She lost everything in the Great Fire of ’71, and was ever more radicalized by the Railroad Strike of ’77, the Haymarket Affair of ’86, the Pullman Strike of ’94. By century’s end, there was a new woman: MOTHER JONES (1837-1930), who said “I’m not a humanitarian, I’m a hell-raiser!” She’d work often with the United Mine Workers, whose men were her “boys,” but where trouble was, she’d go. In July 1903, she led a two-hundred-strong “Children’s Crusade” from Philadelphia to President Roosevelt’s summer home in Oyster Bay, New York. On the way Jones spoke at Coney Island. “Fifty years ago there was a cry against slavery, and the men of the North gave up their lives to stop the selling of black children on the block” Jones began. “Today, the white child is sold for $2 a week, even by his parents to the manufacturers.” In the morning, Jones’ army marched east, led by a fife and drum band.
MORE ACTIVISTS: Mother Jones | Alexander Berkman | Eugene V. Debs | Tina Modotti | Big Bill Haywood | Lucy Stone | Antônio Conselheiro | Emmeline Pankhurst | Félix Fénéon | Meridel Le Sueur | Pierre-Joseph Proudhon | Zo d’Axa | Mikhail Bakunin | Voltairine de Cleyre | Emma Goldman | Will Allen | Rosa Luxemburg | Simone de Beauvoir | Émile Henry | Pancho Villa | Joe Hill | Margaret Sanger | Aldo Leopold | Screaming Lord Sutch | Nestor Makhno | Dorothy Day | Garry Kasparov | Adriano Olivetti | Mildred Harnack | Frederick Douglass | Murray Bookchin | George Orwell | Bayard Rustin | Abbie Hoffman | Ti-Grace Atkinson | Gloria Steinem | Rudolf Rocker | Stokely Carmichael | Angela Davis
ALSO BORN THIS DATE: Chuck D.
READ MORE about the Original Decadents generation (1834-43).