Hans Scharoun

By: Marilyn Berlin Snell
September 20, 2015

scharoun

When the Nazis came to power, German architect HANS SCHAROUN (1893–1972) quickly ran afoul of the Bau Polizei. An established practitioner of “Organic Architecture,” Scharoun sought form based on clients’ experience and the specific site rather than ego or ideology. Because his aesthetic was deemed degenerate, he was unable to realize his building designs, and was terminated from his teaching position in 1933. In the days following German surrender, Scharoun was tapped to survey Berlin’s bomb damage; he then became the city’s Chief Architect — before partition and politics cost him his job. His creative genius and concern for the way architecture can bring people together reached its apex with the Berlin Philharmonic (1963) and the Berlin State Library (1967). With the Philharmonic, he was the first to design a concert hall with terraced, in-the-round seating, creating a sense of community rather than an audience of mere spectators. The acoustics are exceptional — one feels enfolded in sound as it arrives crisp and clean from every direction. From the building’s sensual curves and textured gold-metal skin to its festive yet calm interior, Scharoun made magic incarnate. Filmmaker Wim Wenders saw the same magic in the State Library, and paid homage by enchanting it with angels in Wings of Desire.

berlin philharmonic

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On his or her birthday, HiLobrow irregularly pays tribute to one of our high-, low-, no-, or hilobrow heroes. Also born this date: Jay Ward, Stevie Smith, Upton Sinclair.

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  1. Pleased I may be to see a text appearing about Hans Scharoun, I cannot help but correct you.
    Scharoun lost his teaching position at the Breslau Academy BEFORE the Nazis came to power, and with no conjunction to it. The then German chancellor, Brüning, closed this and other academies in the land, striving to consolidate the state budget. This was 1932.
    After 1933, a new period began for Scharoun. Far from being unable to realize his building designs, he executed no less then 30 VILLAS, some row houses and two exibition stands. Means 3 villas per annum. Hardly an architect would say no to this today?
    After all civil construction stopped in Germany 1944, i.e. BEFORE the German surrender, Scharoun dealing with Berlin’s bomb damage. AFTER the capitulation, he was appointed the city’s Chief Architect. The only stood in this position for 2 years, until 1947. It was the first Berlin election and the general dismay over the Collective Plan of Berlin, that cost him his job.
    With the Philharmonics it is necessary to say that the gold-metal skin is from 1987, by Edgar Wisniewski.

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