False Machine (4)

By: Patrick Stuart
June 24, 2015

The following post originally appeared at Patrick Stuart’s blog False Machine. It is one in a series of 10 analyzing the mini (miniature figure, used in wargames) and other small-scale fantasy and sci-fi models as an art form.


The mini pictured above is Thoth, Anax of Ýdron, created by Mierce Miniatures: concept by Robert Lane and Tim Fisher; artist Beth Hughes; sculptor Oliver Nkweti. I find it unusually pleasant and interesting to look at.

How does it produce the aesthetic effect that it does? Let’s investigate the following aspects of Thoth, Anax of Ýdron: shape, stuff, skulls, and character.



This mini is like a tsunami of movement; I have begun to think of it as the ‘wave hydra.’ The snakebody is a classic compressed ‘S’ shape. This brings in feelings of power and dynamism. We can only imagine Thoth moving one way: to expand, to attack.

The wave of the figure’s cloak is arranged so that the strong interrupting line of the staff strikes directly across it. The fluid curve leads your eye, then the staff cuts through — halving the wave.

The staff of the trident is the only straight line in the piece. Straps break its length, and from them hangs a fabric bow making a final, smaller curve — this one filling out exactly opposite to the mass of the figure as a whole. This final curve highlights, again, the length and straightness of the trident staff.


There is a ray of spikes haloing the model from left to right, from the tail-trident to the helmets of the three heads to the held trident of the weapon. The rule of three gets repeated three times across these spikes. Three spikes on the trident, three heads and another trident (this one actually has five, or even seven spikes but three are larger and more dominant.) We could argue that the tatters of the cloak make a final, fourth arrangement of three on the far lower left of the form, ending the halo in a wave of cloth.

So the mini goes:

  • ‘S’ curve snakebody
  • ‘Wave’ curve cloak
  • ‘/’ strikethrough staff
  • ‘)’ bracketed strap
  • ‘^^^ ^^^ ^^^’ halo of spikes rising and falling from left to right

You see and sense this all at once. Cuve-wave-strike-loop-and-spikes-haloing-everything.

None of these alone are super-original effects for a war-mini, but their collection and arrangement here is powerful and bold, they unify and react with each other well, leading your eye through and around the figure’s form.



Nerds like stuff. We glory in the poetry of things. A war-toy always has a lot of things, individual objects you can imagine taking off and treating separately on their own.

thoth looking left

Counting from the tail of the mini to its head, here are all the individual things I see:

  • Tail-trident spike.
  • Possible lower-tail-covering.
  • Leather belts.
  • Armour of some kind with leather pleats.
  • Wave-shaped dagger in sheath.
  • The trident itself has serpents embossed or etched on it at its head.
  • Shoulder caduceus/trident symbol.
  • Artificial lizard scales embossed on the forearm guards.
  • Symbols or figures on the hand guards, possible snake-around-staff again.
  • It’s there again in the cloak clasp, you can just see it under the heads.
  • The cloak itself.
  • Necklaces or neck-bands, thongs or torcs with visible fastenings. Three or four on each neck.
  • The helmets, with neck segments to allow the presumably sinuous movements of the snakelike form.

The helmet’s spikes are a little like crests and a little like waves, or sails. The waves return us to the sublimated sea-theme in the figure, never explicitly stated in its form.

The crests remind us of the lizard-like nature of the creature, but are also versions of the crests we might find on Greek or Roman helmets, and are also like the kind of ritually reproduced bodyform that humans put on armour… except, of course, this is for a race of intelligent lizards.

People put enhanced versions of their human musculature on breastplates, or enhanced humanoid faces of the front of helmets. By doing this they take symbols of strength, vividness and selfhood and reproduce them on the outside, isolating and projecting the energy. A real-life lizard person might have head crests that present in times of threat and the crests of the helmets could be enhanced versions of that in the same way the muscly-torso breastplate might be for a human being. The super-scales on the forearm guard might do the same kind of thing, extra-super scales.

The line of the alien flesh is continually being broken up by lines and straps. Could these be kinetic ‘greebles’ [special effects term for a fine detailing added to the surface of a model in order to make it more visually interesting], i.e., marks across a moving flexing surface made to draw the eye to the nature of its movement so that is can be more explicitly registered? None of the long things in this figure are unbroken by a line and commonly they are broken by more than one.

The straps around Thoth’s lower body make no practical sense; they would come off. But perhaps they make something useful in the shape, as part of the art, that they would not do in the real world.



When it comes to war-toys, the principle is a clear one: Add skulls. Not sure about a shape? Put a skull on it. Weapon not dangerous enough? Perhaps emboss with skulls. Worried about your skulls? Put skulls on your skulls; or in the case of Games Workshop, put an antigravity motor in your skull — so it can float around like a little familiar.


Skulls are cool, but why is a skull cool? Here are some possible reasons:

  • Demonstrates both martial potency of character and also savagery. Savages keep skull trophies, civilised people just kill and leave the bodies.
  • Illustrates scale of model even with no other model nearby. We know how big our skull is, so when we see one on a mini perhaps we imagine it as ours and thereby contrast the size of the mini with our own size in a subconscious way.
  • Skull is a beautiful object in itself.
  • Symbol of death or deadness perhaps increases liveliness or living-ness of mini in a point/counterpoint way. This piece of plastic simulating a living thing with frozen movement, seems more alive when there are tiny symbols of death included in it. Death being the shadow to life. A shadow cradles mass so the stillness of the skull highlights movement and expressiveness.
  • Brings symbols of enemy factions into mini in another point / counterpoint manner to highlight cultural ‘selfness’ of model. This is more true of helmets really, which are a kind of skull-shell, with more boldly expressed cultural information than a skull. Skulls symbolise humanity in general, the empty helmet expresses a particular culture. So a little piece of the ‘enemy’ culture on this model makes you feel its ‘home’ culture more fully.

This is not enough to penetrate the mystery of the skull’s coolness, but we must move on.



The mini shown in this post is a snake around a staff: a Caduceus. Versions of this symbol are repeated again and again on its armour. The Caduceus was the symbol of Hermes, Greek god of (among other things) writing and magic. The Egyptian god of writing and magic was Thoth. In Hellenistic Egypt, the two gods were worshipped as one. So there you go.

Thoth, Anax of Ýdron, is a monster, but also a person. Animalistic and human-culture aspects are arranged in a dissonant but interesting pattern.

thoth thumb

The face and shape of a more typical sci-fi/fantasy mini presents human-level information — story and character information is projected forwards — whole its strange weaponry nigh suggest inhuman or more physical information. Futuristic war-toys look most like people from the front, from behind they seem most abstract and alienated from organic forms. The 40k Space Marine’s face is a human face, but his weapons are more inhuman.

But with this guy, his (her?) face is deeply inhuman. The personality-based information is not in the mini’s face and shape, but in its objects. The most person-like aspect of Thoth is the way she is holding the trident, the cluster of shapes around the hands and staff making another yin-yang sign right under the heads. But Thoth’s heads are disturbing and monstrous — with no capacity for human emotional information.

So there is dissonance. The story information, the information that says ‘this is a person in a particular set of circumstances’ is not where we would expect it to be. So we ‘read’ this mini in an unexpected way — yet one that ultimately resolves as it should, with you knowing all the kinds of things you feel you should know. This mild dissonance, ultimately resolved into a comprehensible and useful form, is a common pattern for the toys of war.



I like violence — or at least the symbols of violence, I don’t want any actual violence to happen to me. I’m generally an easier sell for a mini that’s about to fuck something up and looks like it could kill me. Maybe I want to own things that could kill me in miniature form?

Maybe I take pleasure in the extremely wide range of information drawn from, of so many different kinds. Shape. Detail. Character. Use. All meshing together in ways it never could in a naturalistic sculpture, because the range of information would be limited, or in a more abstract sculpture, because the social and human-level stuff like the ‘story’ and the Greek helmets and the use wouldn’t be the same. I like my art to bring its world with it into mine, sometimes at least.


The great curiosity for me is the process of design. Five people interacted to produce this. How did they collaborate? Who brought what form and when? How did the design of an imagined race, and culture, and faction, and world combine? How does it match or mesh with the rules. How was the design brief given? Did anything change during the creation process? How was it manufactured and how do the tolerances and requirements of the mass production process impact the aesthetic effect?




CURATED SERIES at HILOBROW: UNBORED CANON by Josh Glenn | CARPE PHALLUM by Patrick Cates | MS. K by Heather Kasunick | HERE BE MONSTERS by Mister Reusch | DOWNTOWNE by Bradley Peterson | #FX by Michael Lewy | PINNED PANELS by Zack Smith | TANK UP by Tony Leone | OUTBOUND TO MONTEVIDEO by Mimi Lipson | TAKING LIBERTIES by Douglas Wolk | STERANKOISMS by Douglas Wolk | MARVEL vs. MUSEUM by Douglas Wolk | NEVER BEGIN TO SING by Damon Krukowski | WTC WTF by Douglas Wolk | COOLING OFF THE COMMOTION by Chenjerai Kumanyika | THAT’S GREAT MARVEL by Douglas Wolk | LAWS OF THE UNIVERSE by Chris Spurgeon | IMAGINARY FRIENDS by Alexandra Molotkow | UNFLOWN by Jacob Covey | ADEQUATED by Franklin Bruno | QUALITY JOE by Joe Alterio | CHICKEN LIT by Lisa Jane Persky | PINAKOTHEK by Luc Sante | ALL MY STARS by Joanne McNeil | BIGFOOT ISLAND by Michael Lewy | NOT OF THIS EARTH by Michael Lewy | ANIMAL MAGNETISM by Colin Dickey | KEEPERS by Steph Burt | AMERICA OBSCURA by Andrew Hultkrans | HEATHCLIFF, FOR WHY? by Brandi Brown | DAILY DRUMPF by Rick Pinchera | BEDROOM AIRPORT by “Parson Edwards” | INTO THE VOID by Charlie Jane Anders | WE REABSORB & ENLIVEN by Matthew Battles | BRAINIAC by Joshua Glenn | COMICALLY VINTAGE by Comically Vintage | BLDGBLOG by Geoff Manaugh | WINDS OF MAGIC by James Parker | MUSEUM OF FEMORIBILIA by Lynn Peril | ROBOTS + MONSTERS by Joe Alterio | MONSTOBER by Rick Pinchera | POP WITH A SHOTGUN by Devin McKinney | FEEDBACK by Joshua Glenn | 4CP FTW by John Hilgart | ANNOTATED GIF by Kerry Callen | FANCHILD by Adam McGovern | BOOKFUTURISM by James Bridle | NOMADBROW by Erik Davis | SCREEN TIME by Jacob Mikanowski | FALSE MACHINE by Patrick Stuart | 12 DAYS OF SIGNIFICANCE | 12 MORE DAYS OF SIGNIFICANCE | 12 DAYS OF SIGNIFICANCE (AGAIN) | ANOTHER 12 DAYS OF SIGNIFICANCE | UNBORED MANIFESTO by Joshua Glenn and Elizabeth Foy Larsen | H IS FOR HOBO by Joshua Glenn | 4CP FRIDAY by guest curators


Browbeating, Sculpture